Monday, February 29, 2016

Royal Profile: James Ogilvy

James Robert Bruce Ogilvy is the elder of two children of Princess Alexandra of Kent, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy and Sir Angus Ogilvy and he was born on 29 February 1964 {Source}. He has a younger sister, and a niece and nephew{Source}:

  1. Ms. Mariana Victoria Alexandra Ogilvy
    1. Miss Zenouska May Mowatt (1990)
    2. Christian Alexander Mowatt (1993)
He was the first of four royal babies born in 1964-the others being{Source}:
  1. The Prince Edward (10 March) (2nd cousin through his mother)
  2. The Lady Helen Windsor (28 April)(1st cousin, her father is the present Duke of Kent)
  3. The Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones (1 May)(second cousin through his mother)
At his birth, he was 13th in line for the throne, as of May 2015 and the birth of Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, he is 48th {Source}.

He was baptized, and one of his seven godparents was Queen Elizabeth II {Source}. He himself became a godfather in 1990, to Princess Eugenie of York {Source} {Source}

He, like his younger second cousins 1x removed (Prince William, and Prince Harry), attended Eton College{Source}. He also attended the University of St. Andrews{Source}. His daughter, Flora would later follow in his footsteps by also attending St. Andrews {Source}

In 1996, he launched a new magazine called Luxury Briefing. However, in 2010, he resigned from his position as publisher and sold the magazine to the Luxury Business Group{Source}

He married Julia Caroline Rawlinson on 30 July 1988 and they have two children{Source}:
  1. Flora Alexandra Ogilvy (1994)
  2. Alexander Charles Ogilvy (1996)

Unlike his mother, he does not hold any royal titles or undertake any formal duties on behalf of the Crown. However, like most of the extended family, he was invited to family events such as the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall. He also attended The Cambridge Wedding in April 2011.

Sunday, February 28, 2016

The Royal Recap of the Royals You Love: February 22-28, 2016

Denmark

-Princess Marie attended the opening of Denmark's WeFood Shop (a food surplus store) on Monday {Source}

-Countess Feodora Mathilde Helena of Rosenborg celebrated her 41st birthday on Saturday.

Germany

-Prince Ernest-August V of Hanover celebrated his 62nd birthday on Friday.

Great Britain

-Queen Elizabeth II visited the new Crossrail Bond Street Station, which will be named Elizabeth Lane on Tuesday {Photos}.

-The Prince Charles of Wales visited The Queen's 1st Dragoon Guards at their new barracks after their return to the UK after being in Germany for 14 years on Monday {Photos}

-The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex visited the Blues's state-of-the-art training academy and met with pupils at an Wright Robinson Sports College as part of the tour to mark the 60th anniversary of the Duke of Edinburgh Award on Wednesday {Source}

-Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge visited with injured rugby players before attended the Six Nations match between France and Wales on Friday {Source}

-Catherine, The Countess of Strathearn visited St Catherine’s Primary School where she met with head teachers to discuss children’s mental health and attended an assembly with students before visiting Craigmont High School, where she attended a tennis workshop led by Judy Murrary on Wednesday{Source}.

-Katharine, The Duchess of Kent celebrated her 83rd birthday on Monday.

Greece

-Arrietta Morales y de Grecia celebrated her 14th birthday on Wednesday.

Italy

-Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, The Duke of Castro celebrated his 53rd birthday on Wednesday.

Japan

-Crown Prince Naruhito celebrated his 56th birthday on Tuesday

Monaco

-Prince Albert II, Princess Charlene & Prince Jacques, Hereditary Prince attended the St. Devote Rugby 2016 on Saturday {Photos}


-Princess Charlene visited l'école maternelle des Carmes (the pre-school of Carmes) on Friday {Photos}.

Morocco

-Princess Lalla Khadija celebrated her 9th birthday on Sunday.

The Netherlands

-King Williem-Alexander I, Queen Maxima, Princess Catharina-Amalia, Princess Alexia, Princess Ariane, Princess Beatrix, Prince Constantijn, Princess Laurentien, Countess Eloise of Oranje-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg, Count Claus Casimir of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg, Countess Leonore of Oranje-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg attended the family's annual skiing photocall on Monday {Photos}
Not present this year were Princess Mabel van Oranje-Nassau and her girls, Countess Luanna of Orange-Nassau,Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg & Countess Zarina of Oranje-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg.

-Princess Alexia broke her leg during the family's skiing holiday and required surgery on Saturday {Source}.

-Paola Cecilia Laurentien ten Cate celebrated her 5th birthday on Thursday.


Romania

-Princess Irina, Mrs. Walker celebrated her 63rd birthday on Sunday.

-Michael Torsten de Roumanie-Kreuger celebrated his 31st birthday on Thursday.

Sweden

-Princess Madeleine & Princess Leonore attended a tea party for 12 young girls with life threatening diseases on 

-Princess Estelle celebrated her 4th birthday on Tuesday.

-Lily Elektra Ambler celebrated her 13th birthday on Sunday.

Royal Profile: Lily Ambler

Lily Elektra Ambler was born 28 February 2003 as the eldest child of James Patrick Ambler & Ursula Mary Shipley Ambler {Source}. She has one younger brother{Source}:
  1. Oscar Rufus Ambler (2004)

She is the paternal granddaughter of John Kenneth Ambler and Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler{Source}.

She is not in succession for the Swedish throne, however, she is distantly in succession for the British throne as a descendant of Queen Victoria through her sons Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany{Source}

Royal Profile: Princess Irina of Romania, Mrs. Walker

Princess Irina of Romania, Mrs. Walker was born 28 February 1953 as the third daughter of King Mihai & Queen Anne {Source}. She has the following sisters, brother-in-laws, nieces, nephews, and great nieces and nephews{Source}:
  1. Crown Princess Margarita of Romania (1949)
    1. Radu, Prince of Romania (1960, m. 1996)
  2. Princess Elena of Romania 
    1. Dr. Leslie Robin Medforth-Mills (m 1983, div. 1991, b 1942, d. 2002)
      1. Nicholas Michael de Roumanie Medforth-Mills(1985)
      2. Elisabeta Karina de Roumanie Medforth-Mills (1989)
  3. Princess Sophie of Romania (1957)
    1. Alain Biarneix (m. 1998, div 2002)
      1. Elisabeth-Maria de Roumanie Biarneix (1998)
  4. Princess Maria of Romania (1964)
    1. Kazimierz Wieslaw Mystkowsk (m 1995, div 2002)
The young princess was educated in Switzerland and the UK{Source}. She studied Secretariat (a horse) in Oxford and London {Source}. In 1973, at the invitation of Lord and Lady Gordon, Princess Irina joined the administration thoroughbred horse farm in Alberta, Canada, where he perfected the principles of animal husbandry and farm management{Source}. After that, she moved to the United States, where she worked at a Welsh pony farm in Middleburg, Virinia, USA{Source}. In the late 1970s, she returned to Switzerland, where she spent a year working for the auction house, Christies in the silverware department, before moving on to sales {Source}.

In 1983, she married a Swedish man John Kreuger{Source}. It was then that Princess Irnina moved back to the United States, where the couple settled on his estate in Oregon{Source}. Together, they have two children, two children-in-law and three grandchildren{Source}:
  1. Michael Torsten de Roumanie Kreuger (1985)
    1. Tara Littlefeld (m. 2011)
      1. Kohen de Roumanie Kreuger (2012)
  2. Angelica Margaretta Bianca de Roumanie Kreuger Knight (1986)
    1. Richard Robert Knight (m 2009)
      1. Courtney Bianca Knight (2007)
      2. Diana Knight (2011)
She and her first husband divored in 2003. She remarried in Las Vegas in 2003 to John Westley Walker{Source}. 

In 2013, she and her husband were arrested for being part of an illegal cockfighting ring, being charged also for operating an illegal gambling business on their ranch near Irrigon, Oregon{Source}.

Royal Profile: Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco

Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco was born 28 February 2007 as the second child of King Mohammed VI of Morrocco and Princess Lalla Salma {Source}. She has an older brother {Source}:
  • Crown Prince Mulay Al-Hasan of Morocco (2003)


In honour of her birth, the king granted a royal pardon to thousands of prison inmates{Source}. Khadija visited Tunisia with her mother Lalla Salma in June 2009.

Saturday, February 27, 2016

Royal Profile: Countess Feodora af Rosenborg

Countess Feodora Mathilde Helena af Rosenborg was born 27 Februrary 1975, the youngest of three daughters of Count Christian af Rosenborg and Countess Anne af Rosenborg {Source}. Her two elder sisters were twins who have given her several nieces and nephews{Source}:

  1. Countess Josephine af Rosenborg (1972)
    1. Julius Christian Emil Schmidt(2001)
    2. Clara Dorthe Elisabeth Schmidt (2004)
  2. Countess Camilla af Rosenborg (1972)
    1. Anastasia Caroline Amalie Rosanes(1997)
    2. Ludwig Christian Mikael Rosanes (2000)
    3. Leopold Christian Ingolf Rosanes (2005)
    4. Theodor Christian John Rosanes (2008)

She has been married twice. She married Eric Hervè Patrice Patte on 31 July 2004, and they divorced in 2006 {Source}. On 26 September 2008, she married Morent Rønnow{Source}. On 1 Februrary 2009, she gave birth to her only child, Caroline-Mathilde Margareth Rønnow {Source}. Her daughter is presumably named for her great-grandmother, Hereditary Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark (wife of Hereditary Prince Knud) and Queen Margarethe II.

Due to her father marrying a commoner and him not seeking parliamentary approval, he lost his succession rights to the throne, as did Countess Feodora, her children, and sisters, as well as her nieces and nephews. Therefore, Countess Feodora and her family perform no public functions on behalf of the monarchy. Little is known about her. However, she did attend her father's funeral in May 2013 {Photos}.

Friday, February 26, 2016

Royal Profile: Prince Ernest-August V of Hanover

Prince Ernst August Albert Paul Otto Rupprecht Oskar Berthold Friedrich-Ferdinand Christian-Ludwig of Hanover was born on 26 February 1954 as the eldest son of Ernst August, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick (1914-1987) and his first wife, Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1925-1980) {Source}. He has one older sister, two younger brothers and two younger sisters {Source}:

  1. Princess Marie of Hanover, Countess von Houchberg (1952)
    1. Count Michael von Houchburg (m. 1982)
      1. Count Conrad Hans-Heinrich Ernst-August von Hochberg(1985)
      2. Count George von Hochberg (1987)
  2. Prince Lugwig of Hanover (1955-1988)
    1. Isabella Gräfin von Thurn und Valsássina-Como-Vercelli (m. 1987, d. 1988)
      1. Prince Otto of Hanover (1988)
  3. Princess Olga of Hanover (1958)
  4. Princess Alexandra of Hanover, Princess of Leiningen (1959)
    1. Andreas, 8th Prince of Lieningen (m 1981)
      1. Prince Ferdinand Heinrich, Hereditary Prince of Lieningen (1982)
      2. Princess Olga Margarita of Lieningen (1984)
      3. Prince Herman of Leiningen (1986)
  5. Prince Heinrich of Hanover (1961)
    1. Thyra Donata Sixtina (m 1999)
      1. Prince Albert of Hanover (1999)
      2. Princess Eugenia of Hanover (2001)
      3. Prince Julius of Hanover (2004)
He has been married twice. He was married to Chantal Hochuli from 1981-1997, producing two sons {Source}:
  1. Prince Ernest August of Hanover (1983)
  2. Prince Christian of Hanover (1985)
He married secondly to Princess Caroline of Monaco on 23 January 1999, together, they have one daughter{Source}:
  1. Princess Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Marym Virginia of Hanover (1999)
It is rumored (but has never been confirmed) that Prince Ernest and Princess Caroline separated when she moved back to Monaco. They have not been seen together publicly since 2009, however, his sons from his first marriage have been seen with her.

The prince is not without controversy! He was photographed urinating on the Turkish Pavilion at the Expo 2000 event in Hanover, causing a diplomatic incident and a complaint from the Turkish embassy accusing him of insulting the Turkish people. He successfully sued those who published (Bild-Zeitung) the photograph for invasion of privacy, obtaining an award of 9,900 euros, although the paper had previously published a photo of Ernst August urinating outside a hospital in Austria. In 2004, he was convicted of aggravated assault and causing grievous bodily harm after beating a man with a knuckleduster{Source}

Thursday, February 25, 2016

Royal Profile: Paola Cecilia Laurentien ten Cate

Paola Cecilia Laurentien ten Cate was born on 25 Februrary 2011 as the daughter of Tjalling Siebe ten Cate and Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma {Source}. She has an older sister{Source}:

  • Julia Carolina Catharina ten Cate (2008)
Her godparents are:
  1. Princess Laurentien of The Netherlands (her mother's cousin's wife)
She was named:

  1. Paola: not sure
  2. Cecila: Not sure
  3. Laurentien: For her godmother
She is not in succession for the Dutch throne. She likely leads a fairly normal life.

Royal Profile: Michael Torsten de Roumanie Kreuger

Michael Torsten de Roumanie Kreuger was born as the first child of Princess Irinia of Romania, Mrs. John W. Walker and Mr. John Kreuger on 25 February 1985{Source}. He has a younger sister, a brother in law and two nieces {Source}:
  1. Angelica Margaretta Bianca de Roumanie Kreuger Knight (1986)
    1. Richard Robert Knight (m 2009)
      1. Courtney Bianca Knight (2007)
      2. Diana Knight (2011)
He married a woman named Tara Littlfield in February 2011{Source}. Together, they have a son named Kohen{Source}.


He was born in the United States, and thus is a US citizen. It is likely that he leads a normal private life, despite being a grandson of deposed royalty.

Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Royal Profile: Arrietta Morales y de Grecia

Arrietta Morales y de Grecia was born 24 February 2002 in Barcelona, Spain, the eldest of Princess Alexia of Greece & Denmark and Carlos Morales's children{Source}. She has two younger sisters and a younger brother{Source}:
  1. Ana-Maria Morales y de Grecia(2003)
  2. Carlos Morales y de Grecia (2005)
  3. Amelia Morales y de Grecia(2007)

She was baptized on 30 June 2002 {Source}. Her godparents consisted of{Source}:

  1. Princess Theodora of Greece (maternal aunt)
  2. Maria Teresa Morales (paternal aunt)
  3. Infanta Cristina of Spain (1st cousin of her mother) 
  4. Manuel Cabrera (friend of her father) 
  5. and an unknown Greek friend of her mother 

She resides in Puerto Calero, Lanzarote, Canary Islands in a house designed by her father {Source}.

She is the granddaughter of Queen Anne-Marie of The Hellenes & King Constantine II of Greece. Technically, she is biologically related to the following monarchs and/or consorts (current and former):

  1. Queen Elizabeth II is her 3rd cousin 2x removed, through The Princess Victoria, The Princess Royal.
  2. The Duke of Edinburgh is her 1st cousins 3x removed, through King George I of Greece.
  3. Queen Margrethe II of Denmark is 3rd cousin 2x removed, through The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.
  4. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is her 2nd cousins 2x removed, through Queen Victoria.
  5. King Juan Carlos I of Spain is 3rd cousins 1x removed, through Queen Victoria.
  6. Queen Sofia of Spain is great aunt though King Paul and Queen Fredrica-Arrietta's grandfather is Queen Sofia's younger brother.


Technically, she is 8th in line for the Greek throne after her uncle, 4 cousins, mother and brother.

Royal Profile: Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duke of Castro

Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Siclles, The Duke of Castro was born 24 February 1963 as the only son of Ferdinand, Duke of Castro and Chantal de Chevron-Villette {Source}. He has He he baptized in France with the name Charles Marie Bernade Gennaro, but he generally uses the Italian form of his name, Carlo {Source}.

The Duke of Castro has two elder sisters, and between them they have four children{Source}:
  1. Princess Béatrice Marie Caroline Louise Françoise of the Two Sicilies (1950)
    1. Princess Caroline Marie Constance Napoléon (1980)
    2. Prince Jean-Christophe Napoléon (1986)
  2. Princess Anne Marie Caroline Carmen of the Two Sicilies (1957)
    1. Nicolas Cochin (1979)
    2. Dorothée Cochin (1985)
Prince Carlo was educated firstly at the Institute of the Marist Fathers at Toulon, France{Source}. He went on to study at a namesake of the Collège Stanislas de Paris{Source}. After studying at an international university in Paris, he spent three years working for a public relations firm in New York, NY USA {Source}. He is fluent in Italian, French and English {Source}.

In 2008, Carlo succeeded his father as claimant to the headship of the House of the Two Sicilies. As head of the house, he uses the title Duke of Castro{Source}.

On 31 October 1998, he married Camilla Crocini {Source}. Together, they have two daughters{Source}:

  1. HRH Princess Maria Carolina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Palermo (2003) 
  2. HRH Princess Maria Chiara of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Capri (2005) 
He and his family maintain homes in Monaco, Paris and Rome{Source}.

He is also a Royal Godfather to two children:
In his capacity as Grand Master of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George promotes and coordinates the activities beneficial - and cultural welfare of this ancient order of knighthood{Source}.

Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Royal Profile: Princess Estelle of Sweden, The Duchess of Östergötland

Princess Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary of Sweden, The Duchess of Östergötland was born 23 February 2012 as the first child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel {Source}.

In accordance with the 1979 Act of Succession, which entered into force on 1 January 1980, Princess Estelle is second in the line of succession, following Crown Princess Victoria{Source}.

Princess Estelle was christened in the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace on 22 May 2012{Source}. Her godparents were{Source}:
  1. Anna Westling Soderstrom (paternal aunt)
  2. Prince Carl Philip of Sweden (maternal uncle)
  3. Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (friend of her parents, her mother is his eldest child's godmother)
  4. King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (friend of her parents, her mother is his eldest child's godmother)
  5. Crown Princess Mary of Denmark (friend of her parents, her mother is her eldest child's godmother)

Although she is only four years old, she already has a collection of Swedish Royal medals including:

  1. Member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (23 February 2012, presented 22 May 2012) (received as she is part of the Royal Family){Photo}
  2. Commemorative Ruby Jubilee Medal of His Majesty The King (15 September 2013){Photo}

She almost shares a birthday with her cousin, Princess Leonore, who is the daughter of Princess Madeleine who was born 20 February 2014 {Source}.

Like her great aunts before her (her grandfather's sisters, Princess Christina, Princess Désirée, Princess Birgitta and Princess Margaretha), she is being raised at the Swedish Haga Palace. She began pre-school in August 2014, and is attending Äventyret Preschool{Source}.

She will soon gain another role in the Swedish monarchy-a big sister! Any day now, her mother will give birth to her baby brother or sister. If the child is born a boy, he will not displace his elder sister in succession! 

Royal Profile: Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan

Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan was born 23 February 1960 as the eldest son of the then Crown Princely couple {Source}. During his childhood years, he was known as Prince Hiro-no-Miya {Source}. He was invested as Japan's Crown Prince on 23 February 1991, eleven years after his Coming of Age ceremony in 1980{Source}.

Today he serves as honorary vice president to the Japanese Red Cross and Honorary President of the United Nations Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation{Source}.

Like most of the Japanese Imperial Family, his educational background is extensive. He graduated from Gakushuin University with a degree in History {Source}.From 1983-1985, he studied at Merton College, University of Oxford{Source}. In 1988, he returned to Gakushuin to persue a doctorate degree in Humanities, but never finished{Source}. In 1992, he became a guest researcher for the archives of Gakushuin{Source}.

His engagement was formally announced by the Imperial House Council on 19 January 1993{Source}. His Engagement Ceremony took place on 19 January 1993 to Masako Owada{Source}. He married Owada on 9 June 1993{Source}. Together, they have one daughter{Source}:
  • Princess Aiko, Princess Toshi-no-Miya (2001)

Monday, February 22, 2016

Royal Profile: Katharine Lucy Mary Windsor, The Duchess of Kent

Katharine Lucy Mary Worsley (now known as Katharine, The Duchess of Kent) was born 22 February 1933 as the only daughter of Colonel Sir William Arthington Worsley, 4th Bt. and Joyce Morgan Brunner {Source}. She had three older brothers, one of whom is currently living {Source}:
  1. Sir William Marcus John Worsley, 5th Bt.(1925-2012)
  2. George Oliver Worsley (1927-2010)
  3. John Arthington Worsley (1928-)
She married Prince Edward , The Duke of Kent on 8 June 1961 and together, they have the following children and grandchildren{Source}:

  1. George Philip Nicholas Windsor,The Earl of St. Andrews (1962)
    1. Sylvana Windsor, The Countess of St. Andrews
      1. Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick (1988)
      2. The Lady Marina-Charlotte Windsor (1992)
      3. The Lady Amelia Windsor (1995)
  2. The Lady Helen Windsor (1964)
    1. Mr. Timothy Taylor
      1. Mr. Columbus George Donald Taylor (1994)
      2. Mr. Cassius Edward Taylor (1996)
      3. Miss Eloise Olivia Katherine Taylor (2003)
      4. Miss Estella Olga Elizabeth Taylor (2004)
  3. Lord NicholasWindsor (1970)
    1. Paola. The Countess Doimi de Lupis
      1. Master Albert Louis Philip Edward Windsor (2007)
      2. Master Leopold Ernest Augustus Guelph Windsor (2009)
      3. Master Louis Arthur Nicholas Felix Windsor (2014)
Still born unnamed child (1977)She preferred to be known as "Katharine Kent" rather than The Duchess of Kent. She often represents Queen Elizabeth II and served as chancellor or patron of many organizations including{Source}{Source}:

  • Leeds University (1965-1998, Chancellor)
  • National Foundation for Youth Music (London) (Trustee)
  • Royal Northern College of Music (Manchester) (former board member and past president)
  • Aldeburgh Productions (ambassador)
  • NCH Action For Children (President)
  • Macmillan Cancer Relief (board member and president)
  • London Committee of the Manchester Christie (Cancer) Hospital Appeal (committee chair)'
  • RUC Benevolent Fund (chair)
  • Queensland Conservatorium (patron)
The Duchess of Kent has travelled the world for UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Fund) and VSO (Voluntary Services Overseas), highlighting specific areas of deprivation{Source}. In 1999 she visited Cambodia, Macedonia and Nepal {Source}.She has been Visitor to the Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts. The Duchess of Kent holds the Honorary Freedom of four of the ancient City companies: the Worshipful Companies of Clothworkers, Dyers, Glaziers, and the Coachmakers and Coach Harness Makers{Source}.


In 2004, The Duchess of Kent together with Nicholas Robinson (Headmaster, King's College School, Cambridge) launched Future Talent, a children's music charity dedicated to finding, funding and nurturing exceptionally talented young musicians in the UK{Source}.

Sunday, February 21, 2016

The Royal Recap of the Royals You Love: February 15-21, 2016

Belgium

-King Philippe, Queen Mathilde, Princess Esméralda & Princess Léa attended the Mass in memory of deceased members of the Royal Family on Wednesday {Photos}.
Princess Esméralda & Princess Léa are the half-aunt and aunt by marriage of King Philippe, and are the younger half-sister and sister-in-law of King Albert II.

-Queen Mathilde attended a luncheon organized by the all-female corporate network "Markant" on Thursday {Photos}

-Prince Amedeo, Archduke of Austria-Este celebrated his 30th birthday on Sunday.

Bhutan

-King Jigme Khersar Namgyel Wangchuck celebrated his 36th birthday on Sunday.

France

-Prince Constantin Foulques Alexandre d'Orléans celebrated his 13th birthday on Monday.

Germany

-Princess Olga Sophie of Hanover celebrated her 58th birthday on Wednesday.

-Princess Alexandra Irene of Hanover, Princess of Leiningen celebrated her 57th birthday on Thursday.

Great Britain

-Queen Elizabeth II attended the Gold Service Scholarship awards ceremony on Tuesday {Photos}.

-The Prince Charles of Wales met with members of the multi-agency SSI Task Force,  members of the Industrial Cadets initiative and with a young "mini-me" who insists on dressing just like the future monarch on Wednesday {Source}.

-The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York celebrated his 56th birthday on Friday.

-Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge & Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge attended a ceremony marking the end of RAF Search and Rescue (SAR) Force operations during a visit to RAF Valley on Thursday {Photos}

-Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge visited the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) on Tuesday {Photos}.

-Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge appeared as a guest editor for the Huffington Post UK for their Wednesday edition {Source}

Jordan

-King Abdullah II attended a ceremony in honour of war veterans and retired servicemen, marking Veterans Day within Jordan’s celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Great Arab Revolt on Monday {Source}.

-Prince Faisal & Princess Zeina welcomed their first child together, Prince Abdullah bnt al Faisal of Jordan on Wednesday {Source}.

Luxembourg

-Princess Stéphanie,Hereditary Grand Duchess celebrated her 32nd birthday on Thursday.

-Princess Alexandra celebrated her 25th birthday on Tuesday.

The Netherlands

-Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma celebrated her 2nd birthday on Sunday.

Monaco

-Prince Albert II & Princess Charlene met with refugees at a refugee camp in Ventimiglia on Thursday {Photos}.

-Jazmin Grace Grimaldi attend the J. Mendel fashion show during Fall 2016 New York Fashion Week on Thursday {Photos}

Norway

-King Harald V celebrated his 79th birthday on Sunday.

-Crown Prince Haakon attended 2016 Global Dignity Norge Photo Compettion on Wednesday {Source}. On Saturday, the future King of Norway assisted with the 2016 Youth Olympic Festival {Source}

-Crown Princess Mette-Marit attended the opening of the BI International Case Competition on Thursday {Source}

Spain

-King Felipe VI & Queen Letizia presided over a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Prado Museum on Tuesday {Source}

-King Felipe VI visited the Gómez Ulla Central Hospital of Defense on Thursday {Source}. On Friday, the Spanish monarch attended the 2nd session of the Latin-American Council for Productivity and Competitiveness {Source}

Sweden

-King Carl XVI Gustaf participated in an official visit to Japan with the Swedish Royal Technology Mission from Tuesday to Friday {Source}

-Queen Silvia, Prince Carl Philip & Princess Sofia  attended the Art Academy’s formal assembly at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts on Thursday {Photos}.

-Queen Silvia & Princess Madeleine attended a meeting with the World Childhood Foundation's International Council on Thursday {Source}.

-Queen Silvia visited the Children's House Stockholm on Monday {Source}

-Prince Daniel visited Lärvux in Gävle and attended the inauguration of the new Pers Lundaskolan on Tuesday {Source}. On Thursday, the future Swedish consort attended a Prince Daniel Fellowship presentation {Source}.

-Princess Leonore Lilian Maria celebrated her 2nd birthday on Saturday.

Royal Profile: Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma

Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma was born 21 February 2014 as the first child of Prince Jaime of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi & Princess Viktória of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Bardi{Source}. She is a granddaughter of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma. She  is soon-to-be a big sister{Source}.

Princess Zita was named:
  1. Zita: for her great-great aunt Empress Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgunde Michaele Raphaele Gabriele Josephine Antonie Louise Agnes of Bourbon-Parma
  2. Clara: for her maternal great grandmother

She had a double baptism with her cousin, Alaïa-Maria Brenninkmeijer, on October 4, 2014 at Noordwijk aan Zee in the Netherlands{Source}. Her godparents are:

  1. King Willem-Alexander I of The Netherlands (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  2. Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma (paternal 1st cousin 1x removed)
  3. Princess Maria-Teresa of Bourbon-Parma (paternal great aunt)
  4. Dorothea ter Riet-Bartos (maternal grandmother)
  5. Jacco Eltingh (friend of her parents)
In 2014, her father was appointed ambassador for The Netherlands to The Holy See, therefore it is likely she and her parents reside in or around there{Source}.

Royal Profile: 30 Facts about Prince Amedeo of Belgium, The Archduke of Austria-Este

  1. Prince Amedeo Marie Joesph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia was born 21 February 1986 {Source}. 
  2. He is eldest child of Princess Astrid, Archduchess of Austria-Este & Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este {Source}. 
  3. He has three younger sisters and a younger brother{Source}:
    1. Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1988)
    2. Prince Joachim  of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (1991)
    3. Princess Luisa Maria  of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1995)
    4. Princess Laetitia Maria  of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este (2003)
  4. He is the maternal nephew of:
    1. King Philippe of Belgium
      1. Queen Mathilde of Belgium
    2. Prince Laurent of Belgium
      1. Princess Claire of Belgium
    3. Jonkvrouw Delphine Michèle Anne Marie Ghislaine Boël (possibly, allegedly)
  5. His maternal cousins consist of:
    1. Princess Elisabeth of Belgium, The Duchess of Brabant (2001)
    2. Prince Gabriel of Belgium (2003)
    3. Miss Joséphine Boel O'Hare(2003, alleged)
    4. Princess Louise of Belgium (2004)
    5. Prince Emmanuel of Belgium (2005)
    6. Prince Nicolas of Belgium (2005, twin)
    7. Prince Aymeric of Belgium (2005, twin)
    8. Princess Eléonore of Belgium (2008)
    9. Oscar Boel O'Hare (2008, alleged)
  6. He is the paternal nephew of:
    1. Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este, Countess of Arco-Zinneberg (1954)
      1.  Count Riprand of Arco-Zinneberg (m 1980)
    2. Archduke Gerhard of Austria-Este (1957)
      1. Archduchess Iris of Austria-Este (1961, m 2015)
    3. Archduke Martin of Austria-Este (1959)
      1. Princess Katharina von Isenburg, Archduchess of Austria-Este
    4. Archduchess Isabella of Austria-Este, Countess Czarnocki-Lucheschi (1963)
  7. His paternal cousins are: 
    1. Countess Anna Theresa von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1981)
    2. Countess Margherita von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1983)
    3. Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1988)
    4. Countess Maximiliana Aimée Maria von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1990)
    5. Countess Marie Gabrielle von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1992)
    6. Countess Giorgiana von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1997)
    7. Count Alvise Marie Lorenz Bronislaw Robert Marcus d'Aviano Czarnocki-Lucheschi (1999)
    8. Count Carlo Amedeo Czarnocki-Lucheschi (2000)
    9. Countess Maria Anna Astrid Martin Zita Lucia Victoria Czarnocki-Lucheschi (2002)
    10. Count Alessandro Czarnocki-Lucheschi (2004)
    11. Archduke Bartholomaeus of Austria (2006)
    12. Archduke Emmanuel of Austria (2008)
    13. Archduchess Helene of Austria (2009)
    14. Archduke Luigi of Austria (2011)
  8. His maternal great aunts and uncles are:
    1. Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte of Luxembourg, Princess of Belgium (1927-2005)
      1. Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg (1921-)
    2. King Baudouin I of Belgium (1930-1993)
      1. Queen Fabiola of Belgium (1928-2014)
    3. Prince Alexander of Belgium (1942-2009)
      1. Princess Léa  of Belgium (1951)
    4. Princess Marie-Christine of Belgium (1952)
    5. Princess Marie-Esméralda of Belgium, Lady Moncada (1956)
      1. Sir Salvador Moncada (1944)
  9. His maternal 1st cousins 1x removed (the children of #8):
    1. Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg (1954)
    2. Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg (1955)
    3. Prince Jean of Luxembourg (1957)
    4. Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg (1957)
    5. Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (1963)
    6. Miss Alexandra Leopoldine Moncada (1998)
    7. Master Leopoldo Daniel Moncada (1999)
  10. His maternal 2nd cousins are (children of #9):
    1. Prince Guillaume, The Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981)
      1. Princess Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxemboug (1984, m 2012)
    2. Archduchess Marie Christine of AustriaCountess of Limburg-Stirum (1983)
      1.  Count Rodolphe de Limburg-Stirum (1979, m 2008)
    3. Prince Leopold of Liechtenstein (1984-1984)
    4. Prince Félix Léopold Marie Guillaume of Luxembourg(1984)
      1. Princess Claire Margareta of Luxembourg (1985, m. 2013)
    5. Archduke Imre of Austria (1985)
      1. Archduchess Kathleen Elizabeth of Austria (1986, m 2012)
    6. Princess Maria-Anunciata  of Liechtenstein (1985)
    7. Prince Louis of Luxemboug (1986)
      1. Princess Tessy of Luxemboug (1985, m. 2006)
    8. Princess Marie-Gabrielle de Nassau (1986)
    9. Princess Marie-Astrid of Liechtenstein ( 1987)
    10. Prince Constantin de Nassau (1988)
    11. Archduke Christoph of Austria (1988)
      1. Archduchess Adélaïde of Austria-Este (1989, m 2012)
    12. Prince Josef-Emanuel of Liechtenstein (1989)
    13. Archduke Alexander of Austria (1990)
    14. Prince Wenceslas de Nassau (1990)
    15. Princess Alexandra  of Luxembourg (1991)
    16. Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg (1992)
    17. Prince Carl-Johan de Nassau (1992)
    18. Archduchess Gabriella of Austria (1994)
    19. Prince Paul Louis de Nassau (1998) 
    20. Prince Léopold de  Nassau (2000, twin)
    21. Princess Charlotte de Nassau (2000, twin)
    22. Prince Jean de Nassau (2004)
  11. His maternal 2nd cousins 1x removed are:
    1. Prince Gabriel  de Nassau(2006)
    2. Prince Noah de  Nassau (2007)
    3. Count Léopold  de Limburg-Stirum (2011)
    4. Count Constantin de Limburg-Stirum (2013)
    5. Archduchess Maria-Stella  of Austria (2013)
    6. Archduchess Katarina of Austria (2014) 
    7. Princess Amalia de Nassau(2014)
  12. His godparents were his grandmother, Queen Paola, and his maternal uncle, Prince Philippe, The Duke of Brabant {Source}.
  13. He attended Sint Jan Berchmans College for his early education until 2001{Source}. 
  14. He then moved on to Sevenoaks College in Kent, England from 2001-2004 {Source}. 
  15. He then went on to attend Belgium's Royal Military Academy from 2004-2005{Source}
  16. Then went back to England to study at the London School of Economics from 2005-June 2008{Source}. Upon graduation from LSE, he took a gap year to travel and better his Spanish language skills {Source}
  17. He is very atheletic. He ran the New York Marathon in 2008, and plays rugby. 
  18. In September 2009, he moved to New York City to work for Deloitte, a financial services company{Source}.
  19. Presently, he is the hereditary prince of the Archduchary of Austria-Este, 5th in line for the Austro-Hungary throne, and 7th for the Belgian throne. His full title and style is: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Amedeo Marie Joesph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Hereditary Duke of Modena.
  20. He is a reserve officer in the Belgian Army, whee he serves as a Second Lieutenant of the Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn-Grenadiers.
  21. He is became a godfather in 2001, to his cousin, and future monarch, Princess Elisabeth{Source}.
  22. Due to his being so far down on the Belgian throne line, his mother is fiercely private about his life, therefore he makes limited public appearances on behalf of Belgium. 
  23. The 30 year old Prince was married on 5 July 2014, and relocated from New York, USA to Belgium after the wedding. He married Nobilie Elisabetta "Lili" Maria Rosboch von Wolkenstein {Source}. 
  24. At the time of their wedding, no royal decree was issued granting her the title Her Royal Highness Princess of Belgium. Therefore, she became Archduchess Elisabetta of Austria-Este, Princess Amedeo of Belgium.
  25. At first, the young prince did not seek approval from his uncle, however, more than a year after the wedding he applied for retroactive approval of their marriage with his uncle and it was approved. 
  26. Due to a new royal decree issued by his uncle that entitles only those of the heir and present monarch the title Prince/ss of Belgium, their future children will not hold the title Prince/ss of Belgium.
  27. However, due to Prince Amedeo also being a paternal heir to the titles Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary & Bohemia, they will hold those titles. 
  28. He shares a birthday with:
    1. King Harald V of Norway (1937)
    2. King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan (1980)
    3. Princess Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma (2014)
  29. His astrological sign is Pisces.
  30. His life path number is 11.

Royal Profile: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was born 21 February 1980 as the son of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and is the current reigning Druk Gyalpo or Dragon King, of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}.

He attended to his primary education in Bhutan, before studying his upper secondary education abroad in the UK and US{Source}. He attended a special program at the National Defense College in India in 2005{Source}. He has also received several honorary doctorates from the following universities including{Source}:

  • University of New Brunswick(Canda)
  • Rangsit University (Thailand)
  • Calcutta University (India)
  • Keio University (Japan)

His father abdicated in 2006, and he became King on 9 December 2006{Source}. A public corranation ceremony was held on 1 November 2008{Source}. In addition to his regular duties as King of Bhutan, he oversees the Royal University of Bhutan as Chancellor; Patron of the Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Patron of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies and the European Convention of Bhutan Societies; President, Bhutan India Friendship Association{Source}.

Since the formal coronation, King Jigme Khesar's first landmark project was the launching of the National Cadastral Resurvey in March 2009{Source}.The program is aimed at resolving long-standing land issues of excess land that affects every Bhutanese household{Source}. The King has also been giving land to landless farmers around the country. The on-going project takes the King to remote villages and communities{Source}.

On 20 May 2011, the King announced his engagement to Jetsun Pema{Source}. They Royal Couple were married on 13 October 2011 in the Punakha Dzong{Source}. During the ceremony the King also received the Crown of the Druk Gyal-tsuen (Queen) from the most sacred Machhen temple of the Dzong and bestowed it on Her Majesty Jetsun Pema, hereby formally proclaiming her the Queen of the Kingdom of Bhutan{Source}. On 5 Februrary 2016, Queen Jetsun Pema gave birth to the couple's first child, The Gyalsey {Photos} {Source}

Royal Profile: King Harald V of Norway

King Harald V of Norway was born on 21 February 1937 as the third child and only son of Crown Prince Olav (the future King Olav V, 1903-1991) and Crown Princess Märtha (1901-1954) {Source}. He had two older sisters, two brother-in-laws, {Source}:
  1. Princess Ragnhild (1930-2012)
    1.  Erling Lorentzen (1923-)
      1. Haakon Lorentzen (1954)
        1. Martha Carvalho de Freitas (1958, m. 1982) 
          1. Olav Alexander Lorentzen (1985)
          2. Christian Frederik Lorentzen (1988)
          3. Sophia Anne Lorentzen (1994)
      2. Ingeborg Lorentzen (1957) 
        1. Paulo César Ribeiro Filho (m 1982)
          1. Victoria Ragina Ribeiro Sampaio (1988) 
            1. Felipe Sampaio Falcão  (m. 2014)
      3. Ragnhild Lorentzen (1968) 
        1. Aaron Long (m. 2003)
          1. Alexandra Long (2007)
          2. Elizabeth Long (2011)
  2. Princess Astrid (1932-)
    1. Johann Martin Ferner
      1. Cathrine Ferner (1962
        1.  Arild Johansen (1961m. 1989)
          1. Sebastian Ferner Johansen (1990)
          2. Madeleine Ferner Johansen (1993)
      2. Benedikte Ferner (1963)
        1.  Rolf Woods (1963,m 1994-1998)
        2.  Mons Einar Stange (1962, 2000-2002)
      3. Alexander Ferner (1965)
        1. Margrét Gudmundsdóttir(m 1996) 
          1. Edward Ferner (b. 28 March 1996)
          2. Stella Ferner (1998)
      4. Elisabeth Ferner (1969),
        1. Tom Folke Beckmann (b. 1963, m 1992)
          1. Benjamin Ferner Beckmann (1999)
      5. Carl-Christian Ferner (1972)
        1. Anna-Stina Slattum (1984, m 2014)
At the time of his birth, the Norwegian Constitution of 1884 stipulated that only male heirs could inherit the throne, this was amended in 1990 to include females and the eldest child regardless of gender{Source}.

He was the first prince born in Norway in 567 years{Source}. His early years wehre spent at his parents' estate, Skaugum{Source} (Skaugum would later become his official residence before giving it to his son as his official residence). However, in April 1940, things changed when the Germans invaded Norway{Source}. The Royal family, members of the government and most members of the Norweigan Storting escaped the country by train{Source}. Once the family reached the city of Elverum, his father left the family to continue the journey to safety with their three children{Source}. First, he traveled with his mother and sisters to Sweden (where his mother is a birth-right Princess and his maternal grandfather was the son of King Oscar II){Source}. After several months there, the royal family continued to the United States, where they remained for the remainder of the war{Source}.

After the war ended in 1945, the Royal Family returned to Norway, where the young prince began school at Smestad School{Source}. During his education, he had a security guard stationed outside his classroom, but other than that, his educational experience did not differ from other children{Source}. He completed his upper-secondary education in 1955 at the Olso Cathedral School{Source}.

Upon graduation, he entered the Norwegian Cavalry Officers’ Training School and went on to finish his military education at the Military Academy in 1959{Source}. Upon completion of his compulsory military service, the Crown Prince went to Oxford for further study{Source}. He attended Balliol College from 1960 to 1962, studying social science, history and economics{Source}.

His grandfather died in September 1957, leaving his father to reign as King and he as Crown Prince{Source}. Upon this event, he attended his first Council of State meeting for the first time{Source}. After his father reign officially began, he began to increase his number of official tasks, such as travelling with trade delegations to promote Norwegian industry abroad{Source}. In 1960, Crown Prince Harald attended his first official state visit abroad, where he attended the 50th anniversary of the American-Scandinavian Foundation in the United States{Source}.

In March 1968, his engagement to commoner Sonja Haraldsen was announced after a nine-year courtship{Source}. Reportedly, his father originally did not approve of the match due to her being a commoner, but Crown Prince Harald stood his ground and refused to marry anyone by Sonja. They were married on 29 August 1968{Source}. Together, they have two children, two children-in-law, and five grandchildren:

  1. Princess Märtha Louise(1971)
    1. Mr. Ari Behn
      1. Miss Maud Angelica Behn (2003)
      2. Miss Leah Isadora Behn (2005)
      3. Miss Emma Tallulah Behn (2008)
  2. Crown Prince Haakon (1973)
    1. Crown Princess Mette-Marit
      1. Mr. Marius Borg Høiby (1997, Crown Prince Haakon's step-son)
      2. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004)
      3. Prince Severe Magunus of Norway (2005)

His father fell ill in the spring of 1990, Crown Prince Harald began attending to the affairs of the state as Crown Prince Regent{Source}. When his father passed away in 17 January 1991, Crown Prince Harald immediately became King Harald, and he swore to oath to uphold the Constitution of Norway in the Storting{Source}. The Queen was also present at the ceremony, which was the first time since Queen Maud{Source}. In accordance with their own wishes, the King and Queen were consecrated in Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on 23 June 1991{Source}. In connection with the consecration, the King and Queen conducted a 10-day tour of Southern Norway{Source}. The following year, the entire Royal Family conducted a 22-day tour of Norway’s four northernmost counties{Source}.

Since the introduction of parliamentarism in 1884, the official duties of the King have been primarily ceremonial as the custodian of royal tradition{Source}. The King heads the Council of State every Friday, and formally opens the new session of the Storting each year in October{Source}. No acts of legislation or decisions approved by the Council of State are valid until sanctioned by the King and countersigned by the prime minister{Source}. While the language of the Constitution still states that the executive power is vested in the King, the actual power lies with the Government{Source}. The King has an important role to play during a change of government{Source}. Usually, the retiring prime minister will advise the King on who should assume the role of the new prime minister{Source}. If the parliamentary situation is unclear, however, the King must exercise his own discretion in selecting a new prime minister{Source}.

The King and Queen pay official state visits to other countries, and act as host to foreign heads of state visiting Norway {Source}. The King holds official audiences at the Palace for newly-appointed ambassadors of foreign countries who are delivering their credentials{Source}. King Harald holds the rank of General in the Army and Air Force, and of Admiral in the Navy. He is the nation’s highest-ranking officer.The day-to-day activities conducted at the Royal Palace in Oslo include official audiences, and discussions with the prime minister, foreign minister and representatives from the armed forces{Source}. The King frequently pays visits to private and public institutions on his journeys to various parts of the country{Source}. Every year the King and Queen pay a visit to a county in Norway, which each visits last 2-3 days, during which time they pay visits to several municipalities{Source}. The King and Queen often use the Royal Yacht Norge to travel along the Norwegian coast{Source}. Every year in the afternoon of 17 May, the King and Queen visit one of Oslo’s districts{Source}. This gives them the opportunity to meet the population and gain an insight into the various activities taking place throughout the capital{Source}. The King receives many invitations to events and commemorative activities all over the country, and tries, as far as his programme will allow, to be present{Source}. In recent years the King has also become involved in issues related to welfare and conditions for children{Source}. The King regularly receives letters from children whose everyday lives are difficult, and has on occasion received children and groups of children for talks at the Palace{Source}.

In the little spare time that King Harald has, he enjoys sports and outdoor receation, and is an active hunter and fisherman{Source}. During Olympic years, he and Queen Sonja can often be seen at events, cheering on "their" team{Source}. The King and Queen were actively involved in connection with the 1994 Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer. The King served as honorary chair of the Lillehammer Olympic Organising Committee.In 1964 he carried the Norwegian flag during the opening ceremony for the Olympic Summer Games in Tokyo{Source}.

The King was Chairman of the Advisory Board of the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in 1982{Source}. During the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oslo in 2011 he was present as an interested spectator at all the events{Source}. In January 2011 the King was awarded the Sports Gala Honorary Award at the annual Sports Gala{Source}. The King has distinguished himself on several occasions in national and international sailing competitions{Source}. In 1987 King Harald and his crew won the World Championships with his one-tonne yacht, the Fram X, and in 2005 they won the European Championships with the Fram XV{Source}. The King remains an avid yachtsman, participating in national and international regattas each year{Source}.

Saturday, February 20, 2016

Royal Profile: Princess Leonore of Sweden

Princess Leonore Lilian Maria of Sweden, The Duchess of Gotland was born 20 February 2014 as the first child of Princess Madeleine of Sweden & Mr. Christopher O'Neil {Source}. She has a younger brother{Source}:
  1. Prince Nicolas Paul Gustaf of Sweden, The Duke of Ångermanland (2015)

She was born in the United States, but they celebrated her birth in Sweden anyway! Her birth was celebrated with a 21-gun salute, and a Te Deum Thanksgiving service attended by her maternal grandparents, The Crown Princess Couple, and Prince Carl Philip{Source}. From her birth she was eligible to be part of the Swedish succession, however, to remain in line, she must:

  1. Be commune with the Church of Sweden (Lutheran)
  2. Reside in Sweden at some point during her upbringing
  3. Not marry without the consent of the Government (Article 5) or ascend the throne of another state by election, inheritance or marriage without the consent of the monarch and the Riksdag.

It has been claimed that she is named:
  • Leonore: a name her parents liked after weighing several options. It could also be a nod to previous Swedish Queens (who were named Elenora,and reigned or was consort from 1718-1720,1620-1632,1654-1660,1720-1741).
  • Lilian: for her maternal great aunt, Princess Lilian, The Duchess of Halland who died almost a year to the day before her birth.
  • Maria: for her paternal grandmother, Eva Maria O'Neill.

By technicality, she has no "official" surname, but on her Swedish passport and likely her US birth certificate, her surname is considered Bernadotte O'Neill {Source}. Currently, the little princess is 5th in succession, however with the births of two cousins in March and April 2016 (Crown Princess Victoria's second child and the first child of Prince Carl Philip), she will drop to 7th in succession.


Her christening took place on her parents' first wedding anniversary, and the following were her godparents {Source}:
  1. Crown Princess Victoria (maternal aunt)
  2. Tatjana d'Abo (her paternal half-aunt)
  3. Count Ernst Abensperg und Traun (her paternal half-uncle by marriage)
  4. Mr. Patrick Sommerlath (her maternal first cousin once removed)
  5. Mrs. Alice Bamford (childhood friend of her father)
  6. Ms. Louise Gottlieb(best childhood friend of her mother) 

Although just celebrating her second year of life, she has already undertaken several royal events and holds several honors. At her christening, her grandfather made her a member of the Royal Order of the Seraphim {Source}. She attended Sweden's National Day Open Palace event with her parents in 2014 {Source}. In December 2014, it was announced that her parents were expecting to make her a big sister in 2015 {Source}. In early 2015, she and her parents moved from the United States to Sweden, and she and her mother were registered as Swedish nationals {Source}. In early 2016, the family of four, now including Prince Nicolas, moved their home base to London. In April 2015, she tagged along with her parents and maternal grandmother when they met The Pope in Vatican City{Photo}. Shortly before becoming a big sister, Little Princess Leonore attended the wedding of her maternal uncle with her parents {Photos}. In October 2015, she attended her brother's christening with her parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousin {Photos}. In November 2015, she joined her mother for the opening of the Swedish Christmas Market in London {Photos}.

Friday, February 19, 2016

Royal Profile: The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York

The Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, The Duke of York was born 19 February 1960 as the second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh{Source}. He has two older siblings and a younger brother, as well as two sisters-in-law and a brother-in-law, four nephews and three nieces, and two ex-siblings-in-law, two nieces-in-law, a nephew in law four great nieces and a great nephew{Source}:
  1. The Prince Charles of Wales (1948)
    1. Diana, Princess of Wales (m 1981, div 1996, death 1997)
      1. Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge (1982)
        1. Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge (1982)
          1. Prince George of Cambridge (2013)
          2. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (2015)
    2. Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall (m. 2005)
  2. The Princess Anne, The Princess Royal (1950)
    1. Mr. Mark Philips (m 1977, div. 1992)
      1. Mr. Peter Mark Andrew Philips (1977)
        1. Mrs. Autumn Patricia Kelly Philips (1978)
          1. Miss Savannah Anne Kathleen Philips (2010)
          2. Miss Isla Elizabeth Philips (2012)
      2. Mrs. Zara Anne Elizabeth Philips Tindall (1981)
        1. Mr. Michael James Tindall (1978)
          1. Miss Mia Grace Tindall (2013)
  3. The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex (1964)
    1. Sophie, The Countess of Wessex (1965)
      1. The Lady Louise Alice Elizabeth  Mary Mountbatten-Windsor (2003)
      2. James Arthur Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor, Viscount Severn (2007) 
He was the first child born to a reigning monarch in 103 years, the last being Princess Beatrice in 1857{Source}.

His earliest years were spent residing between Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle{Source}.
He began his education with a governess{Source}. When he was eight years old, he began attending Heatherdown Preparatory School, Ascot{Source}.When he was thirteen years of age, he followed in his father and brother's footseps by attending Gordonstoun School in Scotland{Source}.When he attended Gordonstoun, he was a member of the Air Training Corps and learned to fly gliders{Source}.  He spent a year as an exchange student at the Lakefield College School in Ontario Canada in the 1977-1978 school year as part of the Round Square Exchange Programme{Source}.  He spent his A-Levels year back at Gordonstoun{Source}.

As a youngster, he watched his father fly helicopters, which peeked his interest in flying {Source}.
He undertook a Parachute Training Course with the RAF in April 1978, where he achieved his Parachute wings {Source}. Prior to joining the Royal Navy, he conducted Naval Flying Grading Training {Source}. He flew solo for the first time in a Chipmonk aircraft in April 1979 {Source}.  The Prince Andrew joined the Royal Navy in 1979 on a short service commission as a Seaman Officer specializing as a Pilot {Source}.
Midshipman Prince Andrew entered Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth and undertook the full range of initial professional training{Source}. 

Additionally, he completed the Royal Marine Commando course with the Young Officer's batch of 1979 at the Commando Training Centre, for which he received his Green Beret{Source}. Midshipman Prince Andrew passed out of BRNC Dartmouth in front of The Queen at Lord High Admiral's Divisions in April 1980{Source}. He then undertook initial fixed wing flying training within the Royal Navy Elementary Flying Training Squadron based at Royal Air Force at RAF Leeming in Yorkshire, flying Bulldog aircraft from RAF Topclife{Source}. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew’s helicopter flying training was conducted at Royal Naval Air Station (RNAS) Culdrose, Cornwall, where he initially learnt to fly the Gazelle helicopter in 705 Naval Air Squadron (NAS){Source}.  In April 1981, he was presented with his ‘Wings’ and the award for the best pilot by The Duke of Edinburgh{Source}.  Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew then converted onto the Sea King helicopter, completing advanced and operational flying training with 706 NAS, before joining his first front-line unit: 820 NAS embarked in HMS INVINCIBLE{Source}. On 5th April 1982, HMS INVINCIBLE sailed as part of the Task Group to the South Atlantic to regain the Falkland Islands. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew embarked along with his squadron, 820 NAS{Source}.  Throughout the conflict Prince Andrew, alongside his fellow aviators, flew missions including: Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW), inter-ship Helicopter Delivery (HDS), Search and Rescue (SAR) and casualty evacuation{Source}.  When his ship returned to the Portsmith Naval Base in September 1982, they were greeted by his parents{Source}.  Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew completed his first front line tour with 820 NAS in July 1983, and was appointed to 702 NAS at RNAS Portland, Dorset, to convert to the Lynx helicopter{Source}.  In May 1984, Lieutenant Prince Andrew joined 815 NAS, where he served as the Flight Pilot in the Type 22 Frigate HMS BRAZEN until March 1986{Source}.
Prince Andrew was appointed a personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen in 1984{Source}.
In 1987, after completing the Lieutenant's Greenwich Course and Helicopter Warfare Instructors (HWI) Course, Lieutenant The Duke of York returned to 702 NAS as staff Helicopter Warfare Instructor{Source}.  In May 1988, he joined the Type 42 Destroyer HMS EDINBURGH as an Officer of the Watch, in order to earn his Watchkeeping and Ocean Navigation Certificates{Source}. During the year's seagoing appointment, which included a Far East and Australia deployment, Lieutenant The Duke of York was awarded his Certificates{Source}.  In September 1989, HRH once again returned to RNAS Portland to form HMS CAMPBELTOWN Flight, joining 829 NAS where he served as Flight Commander HMS CAMPBELTOWN until the Autumn of 1991{Source}.  Lieutentant Commander The Duke of York was appointed to the Army Command and Staff Course at Camberley{Source}. Following the Staff Course Lt Cdr The Duke of York was selected to command the Hunt Class Mine Counter Measures Vessel HMS COTTESMORE{Source}.  Whilst in Command HMS COTTESMORE conducted the full range of duties performed by the MCMV force and as a part of the RN high readiness MCMV force deployed around Europe and into the Mediterranean. HRH completed his time in command in November 1994{Source}.
Lieutenant Commander The Duke of York then returned to flying duties with a refresher course at 702 NAS before taking up the appointment as Senior Pilot of 815 NAS at RNAS Portland, where he served until October 1996{Source}.  He was then appointed to the Ministry of Defense in January 1997 as a Staff Officer in the Directorate of Naval Operations, with specific responsibility for Frigate and Destroyer aviation{Source}. Promoted Commander in 1999, Commander The Duke of York took up an appointment within the Naval Staff, with responsibility for Naval Diplomacy with the Rest of the World{Source}.
He concluded this appointment in April 2001 before departing from active service with the Royal Navy at the end of July 2001{Source}. In July 2005, The Duke was promoted Captain and was appointed Commodore in Chief of the Fleet Air Arm in 2006{Source}.  In 2001, after a distinguished career in the Royal Navy, The Duke of York left active service to support The Queen as a full time working member of the Royal Family {Source}. In February 2010, HRH was promoted to Rear Admiral in the Royal Navy{Source}.
As a child, The Duke watched his father, The Duke of Edinburgh, flying helicopters, which stimulated his interest in flying.

He has been an avid sportsmen for his entire life{Source} . As a youngster, he played rugby and cricket at Hetherdown, rugby, field hockey and was captain of the 1st XI cricket team in his final year{Source}.
He attended the Britannia Royal Naval College, where he was part of various squash teams and was on the hockey team{Source}.  During his time as Flight Commander on the HMS CAMPBELTOWN, he developed an interest in golf{Source}. 

Today, The Duke’s focus is on assisting the economic success of, and the creation of skilled jobs in, the United Kingdom{Source}. He concentrates his efforts on three core areas where he believes he can have the greatest impact{Source}:
  • Entrepreneurs and SMEsThe Duke also supports many charitable and not-for-profit organisations and maintains close links with the Military{Source}.
Since the age of 17, he has received many honors and awards, among them are {Source}:
  1. Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977)
  2. Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (1979)
  3. South Atlantic Campaign Medal for service in the Falklands (1982)
  4. Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen (1984)
  5. Commodore, Royal Thames Yacht Club (1986)
  6. Freedom of the City of York (1987)
  7. Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (1988)
  8. New Zealand Commemoration Medal (1990)
  9. Elder Brother, Trinity House (1991)
  10. Canadian Forces Decoration (2001)
  11. Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)
  12. Grand Master, The Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators (2002)
  13. Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (2003)
  14. Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan (2005)
  15. Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (2006)
  16. Order of the Federation (UAE) (2010)
  17. Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (2011)
  18. Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012)
  19. Freedom of the City of London (2012)
  20. Royal Bencher, Lincoln's Inn (2012)
  21. Liveryman, The Worshipful Company of Shipwrights (2012)
  22. Royal Fellow, The Royal Society (2013)
The Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson were engaged to be married on 19th March 1986{Source}.
The marriage took place on 23rd July 1986, at Westminister Abbey{Source}.
Upon their wedding, the second son of Queen Elizabeth was created The Duke of York{Source}.
Together, they have two daughters{Source}:
  1. Princess Beatrice Elizabeth Mary of York (1988)
  2. Princess Eugenie Helena Victoria of York (1990)

Royal Profile: Andrea Knecht de Massy

Andrea Knecht de Massy was born 16 October 2008 as the youngest of four daughters of Donatella Knecht de Massy & K. Sébastien Knecht de...